Small, gorgeous flycatcher of open habitats. Adult males have brilliant red underparts and crown with dark brown upperparts and mask behind eye. Females and immature males are much duller, but usually show salmon color on belly. Most similar to Say's Phoebe, but Vermilion's breast is whitish and streaked. Found in many open and brushy areas including open woodland, especially riparian zones. Often seen perched on fence posts along roadsides. Feeds on insects.