Small finchlike bird, compact and short tailed. Generally yellow below and dark blue-black above with stout, short bill. To identify male euphonias, focus on crown and throat: on Tawny-capped, crown is entirely russet-orange and throat is dark. Female shows a more limited orangey forehead, which narrows down the options. Also note grayish (not olive or brown) belly. Often in pairs or small flocks with males, which makes identification easier. Frequents forested habitats and edges. Can form mixed feeding flocks with other species such as warblers and tanagers.