Gaunt scavenger with long, broad squarish-tipped wings and a long hairless neck. Dark overall with pale underparts. Very similar to Indian Vulture; note darker neck without white down covering, overall darker body coloration, and less white on the bill. Lacks white rump and contrasting underwing of White-rumped Vulture. Inhabits plains, grasslands, and open forests from lowlands up into the foothills. Congregates in large flocks at carcasses, where it hisses and cackles loudly. Once common; now fairly rare.