Tiny bird, plump and active. Most obvious features are pale eyes and rufous crown with black spots (rarely raised to a crest). Even when crest not raised, crown often looks shaggy. Combination of size and crown pattern helps separate from other small flycatchers. Otherwise nondescript: overall olive-brownish, whitish belly with blurry streaking, subtly paler wingbars. Found singly or in pairs along forest edge, second growth, or sometimes inside forest. Makes pipping notes and a short insectlike trill.