Small and colorful francolin. Males and females are similar, but males have richer coloration and a barred breast, while females have V-shaped marks across the breast. Found on the ground in savanna and woodland habitats with thick grass. Usually in pairs or small groups. Generally shy and retiring. The distinctive call is a short series of cackling notes, which accelerates, descends, and fades away. Somewhat similar to White-throated Francolin, but distinguished by many details, including the chestnut back, orange throat, and lack of rufous wings in flight. Similar to Coqui Francolin but ranges don’t overlap. Smaller than most other francolins, and bigger than quail and buttonquail.