Large rainforest rail found in hilly areas of eastern Ecuador, northeastern Peru, and far western Brazil. Rare and most likely to be encountered in remote, undisturbed forest that is difficult to access. Compared to the more common Gray-cowled Wood-Rail, it has a bright cinnamon hind neck and mostly gray underparts that lack any chestnut. Usually found in the vicinity of streams and creeks. Typical call is a whining, descending squeal.