Widespread but often local large wren with pronounced geographic variation in appearance. Usually in small groups, less often in pairs. Mainly found in thorn forest and dry scrubby habitats, but also (rufous-backed form) in more humid scrub and semiopen areas on coastal slope of Chiapas where can be confused with Giant Wren. All populations have boldly barred wings and tail and bright rusty nape patch (whole back rusty on rufous-backed form). Underparts finely spotted on Veracruz population.