Small, plain-breasted thrush of highland pine-oak forests. Feeds mainly on the ground, but also in fruiting bushes and trees. Sings from low to middle level perches, usually well hidden. Most often seen early and late in the day, hopping along the side of quiet roads and paths. Very similar to Orange-billed and Ruddy-capped nightingale-thrushes. On Russet, note pale pinkish underside of bill with dark tip and faintly mottled or streaked pattern to breast. Song distinctive: repeated thin and tinny phrases.