Handsomely patterned sparrow of highlands from Chiapas south to temperate South America. Occurs in open and semiopen habitats such as villages, towns, and farmland with hedges and brushy thickets. Feeds on the ground and in bushes, at times in flocks. Note the peaked crown, bold black-and-gray head pattern, bright rusty collar, and black chest patch. Juvenile has ghosting of adult pattern and breast is streaked dusky.