A chunky brownish wheatear of mountain habitats. Note the white eyebrow, black mask, clean white throat, and cinnamon underparts. The tail is mostly black with a white base and rump, forming a thick “T” pattern that is conspicuous in flight. Found in montane grassland, heathland, and cultivated areas. Very similar to Heuglin’s Wheater, but there is little overlap in range, and Rusty-breasted is larger and paler, with a much whiter throat. The song is a long, complex mix of many different components, sometimes given in a flight display.