Medium-sized antbird with a long black tail. Occupies low to middle levels of humid forests with bamboo where it frequently draws attention to itself with its “tit-tweeh” call. Males have an orange-rufous body and a bold black-and-white striped face. The wings are dark with two white-spotted bars and the black tail is tipped in white. Females are paler with a finely streaked gray crown. Very similar to Bertoni’s Antbird, but Ferruginous females have a gray (not brown) crown and males have less black on the back than Bertoni’s Antbird.