Generally scarce and local summer migrant to northern Europe; winters locally in mountains of Mediterranean region. A bird of dry upland habitats: breeds on moorland and tundra; migrants occur in fields, on golf courses, and mountaintops, at times in small groups, especially in spring. Often rather tame, but inconspicuous. Breeding plumage distinctive, with bold white eyebrow, white breast band above rusty-orange belly with black center. Nonbreeding plumage buffy overall, with whitish eyebrow and breast band.