Uncommon to locally fairly common in coniferous and mixed forest (very rare vagrant to western Europe; no records from U.K.). Most active around dusk and dawn, but can be seen hunting in daytime. Sometimes perches atop conifers, but more often rather inconspicuous; can be quite bold when encountered. Tiny, almost sparrow-sized, relatively long-tailed owl with staring golden eyes, white eyebrows, and fine pale spotting on crown. Song is varied series of whistled toots, usually given around dawn and dusk and easily imitated.