Small owl, active during the day and night. Very similar in plumage to other pygmy-owls; note elevation within very limited range in western Ecuador and Colombia. Found at higher elevations than Central American Pygmy-Owl and lower elevations than Andean Pygmy-Owl. Overall brown to rufous with white stripes on belly and small white spots on crown. Sexes alike. Quite rare. Found singly or in pairs in montane forests. Listen for doubled notes given on an even pitch.