Sharply patterned saltator found in Andean foothills from Colombia to Ecuador, mostly below 1,500 m. Mostly black face with bold white eyebrow, small white patch on side of neck, and white throat. Underparts pale gray, wings black, back dull olive. Sexes alike. Usually travels in pairs or small groups through the middle to upper levels of forests and edges, not as common in second growth or gardens. Sometimes follows mixed-species flocks.