Small flycatcher found in the temperate zones of the Andes from Venezuela to Bolivia. Like most chat-tyrants, has a very bold eyebrow. Look for its rufous belly (the brightness of which varies across its range) and two rufous wingbars. Sexes similar. Occurs in open wooded habitats, including forest edge and scrubby areas, including paramo. Often perches conspicuously in the lower to middle levels and twitches its tail.