Fairly small rufous-brown bird found on the east slope of the Andes from Colombia to Bolivia. Wings and tail are bright rufous, contrasting with duller brown body and head. Note rufous cap and slightly paler eyebrow. Compare with Red-faced Spinetail, which has entirely rufous cheek and crown. Look for singles or pairs in the middle levels and canopy of montane forest and edge from around 900 to 2,000 m. Forages with mixed-species flocks, hitching along branches and probing into patches of moss and clumps of dead leaves.