Large, dark-eyed owl restricted to pine and pine-oak forests in western and central Mexico. Apparently rare and local; only known from a handful of sites. Roosts at mid- to upper-levels in large trees, sometimes in fairly open situations. Primarily nocturnal, but can be active at all times of day, especially in the early morning and late afternoon. Note dark eyes, cold brown and gray tones to the plumage, and combination of barring on the breast and streaking on the belly. Compare with Mottled Owl, which is smaller and darker brown. Listen for distinctive strong hoots, but beware distant dogs or other owl species.