Bright yellow finch of foothill and montane coniferous and mixed forests. Male is greenish-yellow above and bright yellow below. Female is less yellow overall and extensively streaked all over her body; can be similar to female or juvenile greenfinches, which are less extensively streaked and have a single large bright yellow panel on the wing. Often perches at the tops of coniferous trees. Forms large flocks in the winter. Gives a variety of calls, including wheezy notes, twitters, and trills. Song is usually a combination of wheezy and trill notes.