A distinctive, richly colored babbler-like skulker with a rufous spotted breast on otherwise whitish underparts. Geographically upperparts vary from rusty to olivaceous. Immature has a paler bill and rustier upperparts than the adult. Pairs are secretive residents in thickets, riparian forest, and dense woodland, especially near streams, foraging close to the ground. Populations are locally common but scattered widely across Africa. Often first detected by its rich melodious song, a fluid oriole-like “whoh-tyaw-li”, with the female sometimes joining in duet.