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Galliformes > Phasianidae

Spruce Grouse

Falcipennis canadensis

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Identification

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Quiet and inconspicuous in coniferous forests, especially where moss covers ground. Typically seen on ground or along roadsides, but can be fairly high in trees. Look for a red eyebrow and the bold white spotting on sides and belly of the male. Females are browner and intricately patterned; best distinguished from other grouse by short tail and barred chest and belly. Eastern and western populations may be separate species; tail pattern and male displays differ. Feeds mainly on conifer needles. Often allows good views.

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Learn more about Spruce Grouse from…

All About Birds

Your Online Guide To Birds And Bird Watching

Birds of North America

Comprehensive life histories of North American breeding birds