Distinctive tanager found in lowlands and foothills from eastern Panama to northwest Ecuador. Male is black with a bold red stripe behind the eye, a white patch on the side of the breast, and a yellow shoulder and rump that are difficult to see, especially on perched birds. Females are gray overall instead of black and lacks the red eye stripe, but does show white patch on the side of the breast. Pairs or small groups are found in the canopy of forest, edges, and second growth, sometimes perching quite conspicuously. Often follows mixed-species flocks.