A woodland species that often perches quietly three to ten meters above the ground; tends to lean forward on its perch. Note its relatively small bill and the lack of rust on the wings and tail. Stolid Flycatcher is larger with a larger bill, and has rust on folded primaries unlike Sad Flycatcher. The Rufous-tailed Flycatcher is larger yet, has a darker gray head and chest, and has more rust on the tail and folded primaries. Vocalizations include an emphatic “pip,” given singly or a rapid series, a whistled trill, and various high twitters and squeaks; calls are often given in combination.