A short-tailed parrotbill with a large, bulbous orange head. Brown above and white below. Very similar in appearance to the smaller Pale-billed Parrotbill; look out for the latter’s short black eyebrow. Confusingly, both species are often found alongside one another in mixed flocks, typically with White-hooded Babblers. Rufous-headed Parrotbills give chirps, squeaks, and mews frequently as they move through bamboo thickets.