This stunning little bird is quite common in cloud forest in the subtropical and temperate zones in the Andes from Venezuela to Bolivia. It is bright rufous above with a white eyebrow and throat and bold white spotting on underparts. Could be confused with Montane Woodcreeper, but note much shorter bill. Singles or pairs forage with mixed-species flocks, usually hitching along mossy branches in the middle to upper levels of forest. Occurs from around 2,000–3,500 m.