One of several new antpittas that were previously considered to be forms of what was then called Rufous Antpitta. Panao Antpitta is restricted to a small area of the eastern Andes in central Peru east of the city of Huánuco. Plumage is mainly chestnut brown but is slightly brighter below and has a pale belly patch that is hard to see. Similar to Oxapampa Antpitta, but usually shows a faint, partial eyering and has a different voice. Gives a short “dit-purr” as well as a burst of squeaky notes that rises and speeds up at the end. Inhabits high elevation cloud forest and normally stays on the ground unless singing.