A distinctive chestnut-colored owl from the Tanimbar Islands. Bright reddish-brown with scattered white markings on wings, barred underparts, and piercing yellow eyes. Juvenile lacks barring underneath. Pairs inhabit upper levels of forests in lowlands and hills. Unique within its limited range, where the only other two owl species are in the barn-owl family. Song is a couplet of “oo-ook” or croakier “broo-broo” phrases. Also gives frog-like “brrrr” calls.