Fairly small brownish bird of Andean foothills and subtropical zone from Venezuela to Bolivia. Rather plain overall with obvious pale eyering and eyebrow, giving it a spectacled appearance. Pale throat is slightly scaled; breast streaking is faint or absent. A regular member of mixed-species flocks in cloud forest, usually staying at low or middle levels. Typical foliage-gleaner behavior, hopping along limbs and investigating clumps of moss and dead leaves.