The smallest wood-rail with a white throat and a rusty breast and belly. Note the green bill with a red base. Found in mangroves, swamps, and lagoons along the coast, but also migrates to interior dry-land areas to breed. Similar to Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail, which only occurs in woodlands and has a gray (not rusty) breast. Told from Gray-cowled Wood-Rail by its white throat rather than the gray throat seen on Gray-cowled Wood-Rail.