Very large; dark-brown body contrasts with pale head and nape. Similar to Golden Eagle but with a shorter tail and white shoulders that can be hard to spot. The underwings are dark with low contrast. Juveniles are strikingly different, sandy brown above with white streaks and a pale rump contrasting with dark tail and dark wingtips. Uncommon, breeding in forested areas intermixed with steppes and agricultural areas, where often seen perched on pylons.