Striking songbird, grayish overall with a black face, wings, and tail, gray wing patches, and a spur of chestnut in the inner wing (tertials). Female duller, mostly brownish, but with trace of male’s pattern. Breeds in montane forests and occasionally descends into foothills. Song is a chattering series of whistles and distinctly dry and raspingly creaky notes. Calls are soft and mellow-sounding, usually a “poo-yee” or “pooe” note. Taiwanese subspecies (ownstoni), often considered a full species, Owston’s Bullfinch.