Large, long-tailed sparrow with unique color pattern: gray body, fairly bright greenish wings and tail, rufous crown, and white throat. Favors disturbed areas in montane forest and open slopes for breeding. In winter, usually found in dense thickets or mesquite in desert washes. Forages on the ground or in dense shrubs primarily for seeds and insects. Rarely visits feeders. Listen for unique nasal call note.
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