Fairly common to uncommon summer migrant from winter grounds in Africa. Found in shady, mixed and deciduous woodland, especially with oaks. Feeds at all levels, sallying after insects in the leafy foliage; at times perches out on open fences. Breeding male is boldly pied, with big white wing patch and white forehead spot. Female and immature are brown above, with obvious white wing patch. Distinctive in western Europe, but farther east compare with very similar Collared and Semi-collared Flycatchers.