Attractive small flycatcher of open and semiopen scrubby habitats in the Andes. Often in rocky valleys and gullies and in open Polylepis groves. Usually seen as singles or pairs, perched quietly at low to middle levels in bushes, dropping to the ground to snatch prey. Combination of bold white eyebrow and rusty underparts is distinctive. Compare with Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant in northern part of its of range.