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Scottsdale Community College
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Caprimulgiformes > Trochilidae

Costa's Hummingbird

Calypte costae

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Identification

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Small hummingbird of desert habitats in Southwest U.S. and western Mexico. Compact and short-tailed with a slightly drooping bill. Male has a brilliant purple crown and throat that extends down to a point on each side; the purple coloration can appear black in poor lighting. Females are plainer with greenish back and dingy grayish underparts. Females similar to Anna's Hummingbird, but smaller, short-tailed, and have a drooping bill. Costa's is paler below with less green flecking on belly; its shorter tail is as long as the wings when perched. Anna's tail tip extends below wingtips.

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Learn more about Costa's Hummingbird from…

All About Birds

Your Online Guide To Birds And Bird Watching

Birds of North America

Comprehensive life histories of North American breeding birds

Neotropical Birds

Life histories of all species breeding in Mexico, Central America, and South America