Fairly common to uncommon summer migrant from winter grounds in Africa. Best known for its rich powerful song, often given at night, when it can keep people awake. Found in varied wooded and scrubby habitats, typically with shady understory. Typically rather shy and elusive. Plumage plain overall: brown above with a pale eyering and rusty-brown tail, drab pale grayish below with variable buffy wash. Replaced in northern and eastern Europe by very similar-looking Thrush Nightingale.