A small, odd, orange-headed bird with a restricted range in the Marañon drainage of northern Peru and far southern Ecuador. Small and warbler-like; combination of orange head, gray back, buffy underparts, and pale face is unique in its range. Female is duller than male, with less extensive orange on head. Similar to juvenile Rufous-chested Tanager, but has a pale face and lacks a well-defined white patch on the belly. Typically found in pairs or small groups that feed in the canopy of dry and semi-humid forest.