A common, “small-billed,” crimson-backed woodpecker with four toes. Endemic to Sri Lanka. Associated with every lowland wooded habitat except dense tropical forest. Separated from all other flamebacks except Black-rumped by dark throat, lack of a contrasting black horizontal stripe below the cheek, and four toes. Separated from Black-rumped by crimson back and shoulder. Often detected by its loud “ki-ki-ki-ki-ki,” which steadily increases in pace and ends in a trill.