A bulky buzzard with striking black upperparts and mostly chestnut underparts. In flight, the wings are mostly pale with dark wingtips and trailing edges, and the tail is chestnut. Juvenile has a streaky breast. Pairs are resident along a narrow stretch of rocky and hilly savanna on the northern Somaliland coastline, where it is endemic. The similar Augur Buzzard is larger than Archer’s and has a pale breast.