A small, relatively long-tailed flycatcher found in the Andes from western Venezuela to southern Ecuador. Usually looks disheveled with messy streaking below, a diffuse white eyebrow, and a darker mask. Note the absence of wingbars. Also note pale lemon-yellow belly and slight shaggy crest (usually held down). Typically found in small flocks that forage actively in the understory, sometimes following a mixed-species flock. Not particularly difficult to see, although sometimes stays hidden in a patch of bamboo. Occurs in scrubby temperate forest and edges from around 2,600 to 3,500 m. Listen for trills and excited squeaks.