A dark thrush of montane habitats. Shows considerable geographical variation in the brightness of the rufous belly and the darkness of the upperparts. One subspecies in northern Tanzania virtually lacks rufous. Note the yellow-orange bill and the narrow eye-ring. Often common in a variety of montane habitats, including forest, gardens, and heath. Usually on or near the ground, where it hops about to feed. The song is a pretty, variable series of chatty whistles and trills, with frequent pauses. Similar to African Thrush, but generally found at higher elevations, and is darker overall, with a darker orange-yellow bill.