St. George Island SP

Recent Visits

Checklists submitted within the last hour are not shown.
Observer Date Species
Brett Albanese 6 Jul 2020 19
Rachel O’Neal 6 Jul 2020 19
Luis Ramos 28 Jun 2020 17
Ron Smith 26 Jun 2020 12
Tom Painting 24 Jun 2020 30
Tom Painting 18 Jun 2020 35
Tom Painting 16 Jun 2020 27
Tom Painting 14 Jun 2020 18
Wendy Weathers 30 May 2020 9
Gavin Allvine 28 May 2020 54
More Recent Visits...

Top eBirders

Updated 7 sec ago.
1 Rodney Cassidy
241
2 Donna Gail Gaudet
187
3 Renea Simpson
180
4 Bob Kornegay
179
5 Ron Smith
174
6 Andy Wraithmell
171
7 Michael Hartley
164
8 John Hintermister
140
9 Tom Kennedy
132
9 Bruce Neville
132

292 Species 953 Checklists

Updated 7 sec ago.
Species Name Count Date By
1 Common Ground Dove 6 6 Jul 2020 Brett Albanese
2 Mourning Dove 2 6 Jul 2020 Brett Albanese
3 Common Nighthawk 3 6 Jul 2020 Brett Albanese
4 Wilson's Plover 4 6 Jul 2020 Brett Albanese N
 
5 Sanderling 2 6 Jul 2020 Brett Albanese N
 
6 Willet 10 6 Jul 2020 Brett Albanese
7 Laughing Gull 40 6 Jul 2020 Brett Albanese
8 Least Tern 20 6 Jul 2020 Brett Albanese
9 Royal Tern 21 6 Jul 2020 Brett Albanese
10 Sandwich Tern 15 6 Jul 2020 Brett Albanese
11 Brown Pelican 22 6 Jul 2020 Brett Albanese
12 Great Blue Heron 1 6 Jul 2020 Brett Albanese
13 Little Blue Heron 1 6 Jul 2020 Brett Albanese
14 Green Heron 3 6 Jul 2020 Brett Albanese
15 Osprey 1 6 Jul 2020 Brett Albanese
16 Barn Swallow 3 6 Jul 2020 Brett Albanese
17 Northern Mockingbird 2 6 Jul 2020 Brett Albanese
18 Eastern Towhee 2 6 Jul 2020 Brett Albanese
19 Red-winged Blackbird 4 6 Jul 2020 Brett Albanese
20 American Oystercatcher 2 28 Jun 2020 Luis Ramos
21 Snowy Plover 1 28 Jun 2020 Luis Ramos N
 
22 Ruddy Turnstone 1 28 Jun 2020 Luis Ramos
23 Forster's Tern 4 28 Jun 2020 Luis Ramos
24 Black Skimmer 2 28 Jun 2020 Luis Ramos
25 Double-crested Cormorant 1 28 Jun 2020 Luis Ramos
26 Great Horned Owl 1 28 Jun 2020 Luis Ramos
27 Fish Crow 3 28 Jun 2020 Luis Ramos
28 Reddish Egret 1 26 Jun 2020 Ron Smith
29 Red-bellied Woodpecker 1 26 Jun 2020 Ron Smith
30 Eurasian Collared-Dove 2 24 Jun 2020 Tom Painting
31 King Rail 1 24 Jun 2020 Tom Painting N
 
32 Clapper Rail 3 24 Jun 2020 Tom Painting
33 Gull-billed Tern 2 24 Jun 2020 Tom Painting N
 
34 Caspian Tern 1 24 Jun 2020 Tom Painting
35 Great Egret 1 24 Jun 2020 Tom Painting
36 Snowy Egret 1 24 Jun 2020 Tom Painting
37 Turkey Vulture 1 24 Jun 2020 Tom Painting
38 Downy Woodpecker 1 24 Jun 2020 Tom Painting
39 Great Crested Flycatcher 2 24 Jun 2020 Tom Painting
40 Gray Kingbird 2 24 Jun 2020 Tom Painting N
 
41 House Finch 2 24 Jun 2020 Tom Painting
42 Boat-tailed Grackle 6 24 Jun 2020 Tom Painting
43 Northern Cardinal 3 24 Jun 2020 Tom Painting
44 Chimney Swift 1 18 Jun 2020 Tom Painting
45 Red-shouldered Hawk 1 18 Jun 2020 Tom Painting
46 Purple Martin 2 18 Jun 2020 Tom Painting
47 Carolina Wren 2 18 Jun 2020 Tom Painting
48 House Sparrow 2 18 Jun 2020 Tom Painting
49 Eastern Kingbird 2 16 Jun 2020 Tom Painting
50 Common Grackle 1 30 May 2020 Wendy Weathers
51 Rock Pigeon X 28 May 2020 Gavin Allvine
52 Semipalmated Sandpiper X 28 May 2020 Gavin Allvine
53 Western Sandpiper X 28 May 2020 Gavin Allvine
large tern sp. X 28 May 2020 Gavin Allvine
tern sp. X 28 May 2020 Gavin Allvine
54 Tricolored Heron X 28 May 2020 Gavin Allvine
55 Cattle Egret X 28 May 2020 Gavin Allvine
56 Black Vulture X 28 May 2020 Gavin Allvine
57 Pileated Woodpecker 1 28 May 2020 Gavin Allvine
58 Blue Jay X 28 May 2020 Gavin Allvine
59 Carolina Chickadee X 28 May 2020 Gavin Allvine
60 Tufted Titmouse X 28 May 2020 Gavin Allvine
61 Northern Rough-winged Swallow X 28 May 2020 Gavin Allvine
62 Brown-headed Nuthatch X 28 May 2020 Gavin Allvine
63 Pine Warbler X 28 May 2020 Gavin Allvine
64 Common Yellowthroat 1 26 May 2020 Kevin Calhoon
65 Yellow-billed Cuckoo 1 21 May 2020 Kathleen Coates
66 Eastern Wood-Pewee 1 21 May 2020 Kathleen Coates
Myiarchus sp. 1 21 May 2020 Kathleen Coates P
 
67 Red-eyed Vireo 1 21 May 2020 Kathleen Coates
68 Bank Swallow 1 21 May 2020 Kathleen Coates N
 
69 Blue-gray Gnatcatcher 4 21 May 2020 Kathleen Coates
70 Brown Thrasher 2 21 May 2020 Kathleen Coates
71 Shiny Cowbird 1 21 May 2020 Kathleen Coates P
 
72 Brown-headed Cowbird 5 21 May 2020 Kathleen Coates
73 American Redstart 1 21 May 2020 Kathleen Coates N
 
74 Northern Parula 1 21 May 2020 Kathleen Coates
75 Yellow Warbler 1 21 May 2020 Kathleen Coates P
 
76 Blackpoll Warbler 4 21 May 2020 Kathleen Coates
77 Spotted Sandpiper 1 11 May 2020 Eric Setterberg
78 Bald Eagle 2 11 May 2020 Eric Setterberg
79 Belted Kingfisher 1 11 May 2020 Eric Setterberg
80 Gray Catbird 3 11 May 2020 Eric Setterberg
81 Herring Gull 2 18 Mar 2020 Brigitte Arseneau
82 Blue-winged Teal 1 8 Mar 2020 Barry Kinzie
83 Black-bellied Plover 1 8 Mar 2020 Barry Kinzie
84 Ring-billed Gull X 8 Mar 2020 Barry Kinzie
85 Northern Gannet 2 8 Mar 2020 Barry Kinzie
86 Yellow-crowned Night-Heron 1 8 Mar 2020 Barry Kinzie N
 
87 Yellow-rumped Warbler 1 8 Mar 2020 Barry Kinzie
88 Semipalmated Plover 5 1 Mar 2020 Jessica McAlpine
89 Piping Plover 1 1 Mar 2020 Jessica McAlpine
90 Bonaparte's Gull 3 1 Mar 2020 Jessica McAlpine
gull sp. 1 1 Mar 2020 Jessica McAlpine
91 Bufflehead 18 29 Feb 2020 Debbie Vargo
92 Redhead 240 22 Feb 2020 Paul Sindelar
93 Common Loon 1 22 Feb 2020 Paul Sindelar
94 American Kestrel 1 22 Feb 2020 Paul Sindelar
95 Tree Swallow 3 22 Feb 2020 Paul Sindelar
96 Ruby-crowned Kinglet 1 22 Feb 2020 Paul Sindelar
97 Eastern Bluebird 7 22 Feb 2020 Paul Sindelar
98 American Robin 4 22 Feb 2020 Paul Sindelar
99 House Wren 1 18 Feb 2020 A Downing
100 Hermit Thrush 1 18 Feb 2020 A Downing
101 American Crow 12 7 Feb 2020 Don Webb
102 American Goldfinch 4 7 Feb 2020 Don Webb
103 Greater Yellowlegs 1 10 Jan 2020 Donna Gail Gaudet
104 Eastern Phoebe 2 9 Jan 2020 Fred Pratt
105 Red-breasted Merganser 4 4 Jan 2020 Doug Gordon P
 
106 Northern Harrier 1 4 Jan 2020 Doug Gordon
Common/Forster's Tern 5 31 Dec 2019 Tom Painting
107 American White Pelican 150 31 Dec 2019 Tom Painting N
 
108 Lesser Scaup 158 27 Dec 2019 John Groskopf
duck sp. 75 27 Dec 2019 John Groskopf N
 
109 Palm Warbler 3 27 Dec 2019 John Groskopf
hawk sp. 1 27 Dec 2019 Jim Mott
110 Song Sparrow 1 27 Dec 2019 Jim Mott P
 
111 European Starling 6 27 Dec 2019 Emily Willoughby
112 Horned Grebe 4 24 Dec 2019 Donna Gail Gaudet
113 Pied-billed Grebe 2 2 Dec 2019 Donna Gail Gaudet
114 American Bittern 1 2 Dec 2019 Donna Gail Gaudet P
 
115 Yellow-bellied Sapsucker 1 29 Nov 2019 Donna Gail Gaudet
116 Limpkin 1 21 Nov 2019 Joanne Wilson P
 
117 Cedar Waxwing 1 21 Nov 2019 Joanne Wilson P
 
118 Field Sparrow 1 20 Nov 2019 Joanne Wilson
119 White-eyed Vireo 1 19 Nov 2019 Joanne Wilson P
 
swallow sp. 150 19 Nov 2019 Joanne Wilson N
 
120 Chipping Sparrow 4 19 Nov 2019 Joanne Wilson
sparrow sp. 2 19 Nov 2019 Joanne Wilson P
 
121 White Ibis 34 18 Nov 2019 Joanne Wilson P
 
122 Merlin 1 17 Nov 2019 Donna Gail Gaudet
123 Western Kingbird 1 17 Nov 2019 Donna Gail Gaudet P
 
124 White-throated Sparrow 1 17 Nov 2019 Donna Gail Gaudet
125 Black-and-white Warbler 1 17 Nov 2019 Donna Gail Gaudet N
 
126 Orange-crowned Warbler 2 17 Nov 2019 Donna Gail Gaudet
127 Scarlet Tanager 1 17 Nov 2019 Donna Gail Gaudet P
 
128 Ring-necked Duck 1 14 Nov 2019 Doug Gordon P
 
129 Savannah Sparrow 1 14 Nov 2019 Doug Gordon
130 White-winged Dove 1 31 Oct 2019 Doug Gordon
131 Cooper's Hawk 2 31 Oct 2019 Doug Gordon
132 Scissor-tailed Flycatcher 1 31 Oct 2019 Doug Gordon P
 
133 Yellow-throated Warbler 1 31 Oct 2019 Doug Gordon
134 Rose-breasted Grosbeak 1 31 Oct 2019 Doug Gordon
135 Hooded Warbler 1 27 Oct 2019 Tom Kennedy
Empidonax sp. 1 27 Oct 2019 Doug Gordon
136 Prothonotary Warbler 1 27 Oct 2019 Doug Gordon P
 
137 Indigo Bunting 6 27 Oct 2019 Doug Gordon
138 Sedge Wren 1 27 Oct 2019 Ron Smith
139 Swainson's Thrush 1 27 Oct 2019 Ron Smith
140 Wood Thrush 1 27 Oct 2019 Ron Smith
141 Magnificent Frigatebird 4 26 Oct 2019 Ron Smith
142 Lark Sparrow 1 26 Oct 2019 Ron Smith N
 
143 Magnolia Warbler 1 26 Oct 2019 Ron Smith P
 
144 Tennessee Warbler 2 22 Oct 2019 Doug Gordon
145 Chestnut-sided Warbler 1 22 Oct 2019 Doug Gordon
146 Peregrine Falcon 2 4 Oct 2019 Doug Gordon
147 Canada Warbler 1 4 Oct 2019 Doug Gordon P
 
148 Summer Tanager 1 4 Oct 2019 Doug Gordon
149 Prairie Warbler 1 28 Sep 2019 Seth Blitch
150 American Avocet 5 7 Sep 2019 Kathy Brown
151 Least Sandpiper 4 26 Jul 2019 Dale Bailey
152 Red Knot 1 24 May 2019 Jim Mott P
 
153 Common Tern 1 19 May 2019 Kathleen Coates N
 
154 Orchard Oriole 1 19 May 2019 Kathleen Coates
warbler sp. (Parulidae sp.) 1 19 May 2019 Kathleen Coates
155 Swainson's Warbler 1 4 May 2019 Cindy Pyburn
156 Chuck-will's-widow 2 4 May 2019 Donna Gail Gaudet P
 
157 Short-billed Dowitcher 4 4 May 2019 Donna Gail Gaudet P
 
158 Killdeer 1 28 Apr 2019 Rodney Cassidy
159 Stilt Sandpiper 1 28 Apr 2019 Rodney Cassidy
160 Dunlin 8 28 Apr 2019 Rodney Cassidy
161 Yellow-throated Vireo 1 28 Apr 2019 Rodney Cassidy
162 Cliff Swallow 1 28 Apr 2019 Rodney Cassidy
163 Grasshopper Sparrow 1 28 Apr 2019 Rodney Cassidy
164 Bobolink 4 28 Apr 2019 Rodney Cassidy
165 Ovenbird 1 28 Apr 2019 Rodney Cassidy
166 Northern Waterthrush 1 28 Apr 2019 Rodney Cassidy
167 Blue Grosbeak 1 28 Apr 2019 Rodney Cassidy
168 Pectoral Sandpiper 2 27 Apr 2019 Rodney Cassidy
169 Seaside Sparrow 1 27 Apr 2019 Rodney Cassidy
170 Swamp Sparrow 1 27 Apr 2019 Rodney Cassidy
171 Baltimore Oriole 1 27 Apr 2019 Rodney Cassidy
172 Cape May Warbler 1 27 Apr 2019 Rodney Cassidy
173 Marsh Wren 8 24 Apr 2019 douglas diekman
174 Black-necked Stilt 1 24 Apr 2019 Donna Gail Gaudet N
 
175 Ruby-throated Hummingbird 1 20 Apr 2019 John Murphy
176 Acadian Flycatcher 1 20 Apr 2019 John Murphy
177 Warbling Vireo 1 20 Apr 2019 John Murphy N
 
178 Black-throated Green Warbler 1 20 Apr 2019 John Murphy
179 Worm-eating Warbler 2 15 Apr 2019 Mark Kiser
180 Red-breasted Nuthatch 1 15 Apr 2019 Rodney Cassidy N
 
181 Veery 1 15 Apr 2019 Rodney Cassidy
182 Gray-cheeked Thrush 1 15 Apr 2019 Rodney Cassidy
183 Swallow-tailed Kite 1 15 Apr 2019 Renea Simpson
184 Blue-winged Warbler 1 14 Apr 2019 Rodney Cassidy
185 White-breasted Nuthatch 1 9 Apr 2019 Lee Adams
186 Northern Shoveler 14 5 Apr 2019 John Murphy
187 Greater Scaup 3 31 Mar 2019 Rodney Cassidy
188 Surf Scoter 8 31 Mar 2019 Rodney Cassidy
189 Marbled Godwit 1 31 Mar 2019 Rodney Cassidy
190 Northern Flicker 1 31 Mar 2019 Rodney Cassidy
191 Louisiana Waterthrush 1 31 Mar 2019 Rodney Cassidy
192 Common Goldeneye 1 13 Mar 2019 Donna Gail Gaudet N
 
193 Sharp-shinned Hawk 1 29 Dec 2018 Raya Pruner
194 Loggerhead Shrike 1 29 Dec 2018 Raya Pruner
195 Nelson's Sparrow 4 29 Dec 2018 Raya Pruner
196 Lincoln's Sparrow 1 29 Dec 2018 Raya Pruner N
 
197 Eastern Meadowlark 1 24 Oct 2018 Mark Kiser
198 Red-headed Woodpecker 3 4 Oct 2018 Renea Simpson
199 Blackburnian Warbler 1 4 Oct 2018 Bob Kornegay
200 Black Tern 7 2 Sep 2018 Rodney Cassidy
201 White-rumped Sandpiper 1 20 Aug 2018 Rodney Cassidy
202 Whimbrel 1 16 Jun 2018 shawn boschert
203 Black-throated Blue Warbler 1 6 May 2018 John Murphy
204 Painted Bunting 1 6 May 2018 John Murphy
205 American Golden-Plover 1 28 Apr 2018 Rodney Cassidy N
 
206 Least Flycatcher 1 28 Apr 2018 Rodney Cassidy N
 
207 Rufous Hummingbird X 25 Apr 2018 Cindy Pyburn
208 Bay-breasted Warbler X 25 Apr 2018 Cindy Pyburn
209 Upland Sandpiper 2 18 Apr 2018 John Murphy N
 
210 Gadwall 4 16 Apr 2018 Renea Simpson
211 Cerulean Warbler 1 16 Apr 2018 Renea Simpson
212 Wilson's Warbler 1 16 Apr 2018 Renea Simpson N
 
213 Blue-headed Vireo 1 15 Apr 2018 Rodney Cassidy
214 Lesser Yellowlegs 1 25 Mar 2018 Rodney Cassidy
215 Solitary Sandpiper 1 14 Mar 2018 Francois et Jacqueline Lacasse
216 Vesper Sparrow 1 18 Feb 2018 Rodney Cassidy
217 Black-crowned Night-Heron 1 1 Feb 2018 Richard Wolinski
shorebird sp. 1 30 Dec 2017 Mark Burns
218 Kentucky Warbler 1 19 Nov 2017 Seth Blitch N
 
blackbird sp. 1 22 Oct 2017 Rodney Cassidy
219 White-crowned Sparrow 1 20 Oct 2017 Graham Williams P
 
220 Philadelphia Vireo 2 12 Oct 2017 Mark Kiser N
 
221 Golden-winged Warbler 1 12 Oct 2017 Mark Kiser N
 
Short-billed/Long-billed Dowitcher 2 6 May 2017 Rodney Cassidy
222 Hooded Merganser 1 24 Apr 2017 Rodney Cassidy
223 Sora 1 24 Apr 2017 Rodney Cassidy
224 Wilson's Snipe 1 24 Apr 2017 Rodney Cassidy
225 Golden-crowned Kinglet 1 9 Apr 2017 Rodney Cassidy
226 Lesser Nighthawk 1 6 Apr 2017 Jean-Luc Betoulle P
 
227 Nashville Warbler 3 5 Apr 2017 Edward Hicks P
 
passerine sp. 2 15 Mar 2017 Eugene Huryn
peep sp. 26 12 Mar 2017 Steven Lamonde N
 
228 Black Scoter 6 6 Mar 2017 Bruce & Christine de Boer
229 Barred Owl 1 11 Feb 2017 Rodney Cassidy
230 Red-tailed Hawk 1 21 Dec 2016 Steven Lamonde
231 Eastern Whip-poor-will 1 14 Nov 2016 Tina Nauman
232 Common Gallinule 1 9 Oct 2016 Jean-Luc Betoulle
233 Ruddy Duck 2 16 Apr 2016 Rodney Cassidy
234 Virginia Rail 1 16 Apr 2016 Rodney Cassidy
235 Anhinga 1 11 Apr 2016 Rodney Cassidy
236 Eastern Screech-Owl 1 11 Apr 2016 Rodney Cassidy
237 Lazuli Bunting 1 11 Apr 2016 Bob Kornegay P
 
238 American Coot 1 6 Apr 2016 Tom Painting
239 Bachman's Sparrow 1 2 Apr 2016 John Sloane
240 Green-winged Teal 2 2 Apr 2016 Rodney Cassidy
Rallus sp. 1 28 Dec 2015 Michael Jordan
Greater/Lesser Scaup 25 26 Nov 2015 Brian Ahern
241 Black-billed Cuckoo 1 29 Apr 2015 Gregory Schrott P
 
242 Great Black-backed Gull 1 29 Apr 2015 Britta Countryman N
 
243 Cassin's Kingbird 1 27 Apr 2015 Rodney Cassidy N
 
244 Yellow-breasted Chat 1 26 Apr 2015 Rodney Cassidy
245 Henslow's Sparrow 1 25 Apr 2015 Rodney Cassidy
246 Mallard 2 5 Dec 2014 Bruce Hill
247 Canada Goose 12 13 Nov 2014 Donna Gail Gaudet N
 
248 Broad-winged Hawk 1 15 Oct 2014 John Hintermister
crow sp. 1 2 Sep 2014 Bob Kornegay
249 Ash-throated Flycatcher 1 19 Apr 2014 Bob Kornegay N
 
Brewster's Warbler (hybrid) 1 16 Apr 2014 Gene Koziara P
 
250 Hairy Woodpecker 1 15 Apr 2014 Kevin Christman N
 
251 Glaucous Gull 1 9 Mar 2014 Rodney Cassidy N
 
252 Snow Goose 6 9 Nov 2013 Bob Kornegay
253 Cave Swallow 1 2 Nov 2013 Andy Wraithmell N
 
254 Barn Owl 1 24 Oct 2013 Renea Simpson N
 
255 Clay-colored Sparrow 1 24 Oct 2013 Renea Simpson N
 
256 Roseate Spoonbill 2 21 Oct 2013 Bob Kornegay
257 Dark-eyed Junco 1 8 May 2013 Alan Kneidel N
 
258 Least Bittern 1 4 May 2013 Rodney Cassidy
259 Mississippi Kite X 26 Apr 2013 Renea Simpson
260 Eared Grebe 1 20 Apr 2013 Mariamar Gutierrez N
 
261 Dickcissel 3 20 Apr 2013 Mariamar Gutierrez N
 
262 Red-throated Loon 2 26 Jan 2013 Rodney Cassidy N
 
263 Razorbill 1 21 Jan 2013 Jocelyn Stowell N
 
264 American Pipit 2 10 Nov 2012 Rodney Cassidy
265 American Wigeon 1 28 Oct 2012 Rodney Cassidy
266 Groove-billed Ani 2 12 Oct 2012 Debbie Segal N
 
Alder/Willow Flycatcher (Traill's Flycatcher) 1 15 Sep 2012 Rodney Cassidy
267 Buff-breasted Sandpiper 1 10 Sep 2012 Marvin Friel P
 
268 Lesser Black-backed Gull 1 10 Sep 2012 Marvin Friel P
 
269 Wood Duck 1 17 Aug 2012 Bill Stanley
270 Bullock's Oriole 1 15 Oct 2011 Ron Smith P
 
271 Inca Dove 1 21 Sep 2011 John Hintermister N
 
272 Glossy Ibis 1 20 Apr 2010 BJ Stacey
273 Wild Turkey 3 26 Apr 2009 Linda Helm
274 Pine Siskin 2 18 Nov 2008 Andy Wraithmell
275 White-winged Scoter 2 20 Feb 2008 Bruce & Christine de Boer
276 Swainson's Hawk 1 30 Oct 2007 Carol Miller
277 Masked Booby 1 9 Jul 2007 Anonymous eBirder
278 Winter Wren 1 23 Dec 2006 Megan Brown
279 Saltmarsh Sparrow 1 11 Oct 2006 Michael Hartley
280 Vermilion Flycatcher 1 21 Dec 2002 Joyce Bathke N
 
281 Greater White-fronted Goose 4 6 Jan 2002 John Hintermister N
 
282 LeConte's Sparrow 1 11 Apr 2000 Roger Burrows
283 Snowy Owl 1 23 Dec 1999 David Simpson L
 
284 Wood Stork 1 23 Sep 1996 Marcia Balestri
285 Canvasback X 30 Nov 1991 Ron Smith
286 Pacific Loon 1 30 Nov 1991 Ron Smith N
 
287 Northern Bobwhite 1 6 May 1990 Greg Lasley
288 Rock Wren 1 22 Jan 1983 Bruce Neville
289 Long-tailed Duck 1 7 Mar 1982 Rodolphe Dubois N
 
290 Sprague's Pipit 1 23 Nov 1980 fide R.Smith N
 
291 Lapland Longspur 1 16 Oct 1977 fide R.Smith N
 
292 Yellow-headed Blackbird 2 20 Sep 1975 fide R.Smith