Fairly small antpitta found from western Venezuela to Bolivia. Typical antpitta shape: plump and short-tailed with long legs. Most populations are entirely plain rufous with no obvious pattern; though some variation in plumage exists across its range from paler tawny to darker rufous. Sexes alike. Shy and difficult to see, but perhaps not quite as shy as other antpittas. Stays on or near the ground in montane forest from 2,200–3,300 m. Several subspecies of Rufous Antpitta occur throughout its range, with remarkably different songs, each of which is probably a separate species.